Creativity and Chinese Education Reform: A Review of Literature

Kenneth Francis Lockette


Although Chinese educational reform has focused on creativity and innovation for over a decade, the transfer of educational philosophy to practice has not yet occurred.  Creative industries in China are still seen as imitative.  The main barrier for Chinese students becoming more creative and innovative may be the culture itself, which is modeled after Confucian philosophy and does not allow secondary students to act divergently or question any authority. In spite of sparse success in transforming education to focus on more student-centered approaches, the Chinese government still seeks to develop their creative industries through education reform away from test-focused, rote instruction to student-centered creative practices.

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