ANALYSIS OF PRIMARY EDUCATION AT NGOs, PRIVATE AND PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MUZAFFARABAD

Zunaira Saqib, Sarmad Ishfaq, Faizaan Bilal, Ali Bin Mashood, Ahsan Jehangir

Abstract


This research is a comparative study between three types of primary education schools in the region of Muzaffarabad, Azad Kashmir. The paper draws comparisons between NGO, Private, and Public schools based on quality of education, access, and affordability. The factor of quality of education was drawn from Pakistan National Education Policy of 2009 while access and affordability were added based on the chosen region. The research has been conducted through semi structured interviews with parents, principal (School Administrator) and teachers. The results show that NGO schools displayed good results for quality of education in terms of infrastructure and textbooks. The public schools are perceived to have better qualified and trained teachers but our research showed contrasting results at the primary level. The public schools also lacked most basic facilities and were very low on quality. The private schools struck the middle ground with mediocre facilities, quality and fee structure.

Keywords: Muzaffarabad; primary education; ngo Schools; private schools; government/public schools; national education policy Pakistan 

 


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