THE EFFECT OF PROBLEM-BASED LEARNING ON PRE-SERVICE PRIMARY SCHOOL TEACHERS' CONCEPTUAL UNDERSTANDING AND MISCONCEPTIONS

Çiğdem ŞENYİĞİT

Abstract


The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of problem-based learning on misconceptions and conceptual understanding regarding simple electric circuits. Participants are 54 pre-service primary school teachers enrolled on the Basic Science in Elementary School course at a state university. The research employs a nonequivalent control group model. The activity sheets containing problem-based scenarios prepared by the researcher were used in the experimental group. In the control group, the lecture-based learning supported by problem solving, question-answer, discussion activities and demonstration experiments was used. Data were gathered by three-tier Simple Electric Circuit Diagnostic Test consisting of 12 questions developed by Peşman (2005). The research revealed that problem-based learning is more effective in improving conceptual understanding and overcoming misconceptions than lecture-based learning.

Keywords: Problem-based learning, conceptual understanding, misconceptions, simple electric circuit, pre-service primary school teachers.

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