A MODEL OF CAREER ADAPTABILITY FOR TEACHERS: EMOTIONAL INTELLIGENCE, GOAL SETTING, AND STRIVING FOR GOALS

Ali ERYILMAZ, Begüm SATICI, M. Engin DENİZ

Abstract


This study examined the structural relationship between teachers’ career adaptability, emotional intelligence, striving for goals, and setting life goals. We hypothesized that emotional intelligence would predict career adaptability, and that this relationship would be mediated by striving for goals and setting life goals. A cross-sectional survey was conducted among 263 teachers, whose ages ranged from 21 to 69, with SEM and bootstrapping procedures employed. The results indicated that teachers’ striving for goals and setting life goals directly predicted their career adaptability and fully mediated the effect of emotional intelligence on career adaptability. We address the possible explanations and study limitations.

Keywords: Career adaptability, emotional intelligence, striving for goals, setting life goals, teachers

REFERENCES

Anderson, J. C., & Gerbing, D. W. (1988). Structural equation modeling in practice: A review and recommended two-step approach. Psychological Bulletin103(3), 411-423.

Ashkanasy, N. M., & Daus, C. S. (2005). Rumors of the death of emotional ıntelligence in organizational behavior are vastly exaggerated. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 441–52.

Avolio, B. J., & Gardner, W. L. (2005). Authentic leadership development: Getting to the root of positive forms of leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 16, 315–38.

Bardzil, P., & Slaski, M. (2003). Emotional intelligence: Fundamental competencies for enhanced service provision. Managing Service Quality: An International Journal, 13(2), 97-104.

Baron, R. M., & Kenny, D. A. (1986). The moderator–mediator variable distinction in social psychological research: Conceptual, strategic, and statistical considerations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology51(6), 1173-1182.

Beach, R., & Pearson, D. (1998). Changes in preservice teachers' perceptions of conflicts and tensions. Teaching and Teacher Education, 14(3), 337-351.

Castillo-Gualda, R., Herrero, M., Rodríguez-Carvajal, R., Brackett, M. A., & Fernández-Berrocal, P. (2019). The role of emotional regulation ability, personality, and burnout among Spanish teachers. International Journal of Stress Management, 26(2), 146–158.

Castro, F., Gomes, J., & de Sousa, F. C. (2012). Do intelligent leaders make a difference? The effect of a leader's emotional intelligence on followers' creativity. Creativity and Innovation Management, 21(2), 171-182.

Chan, D. W. (2006). Emotional intelligence and components of burnout among Chinese secondary school teachers in Hong Kong. Teaching and Teacher Education, 22(8), 1042-1054.

Coetzee, M., & Harry, N. (2014). Emotional intelligence as a predictor of employees' career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 84(1), 90-97.

de Guzman, A. B., & Choi, K. O. (2013). The relations of employability skills to career adaptability among technical school students. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 82(3), 199-207.

Deniz, M. E., Özer, E., & Işık, E. (2013). Trait emotional intelligence questionnaire–short form: Validity and reliability studies. Education and Science, 38(169), 407-419.

Dulewicz, V., & Higgs, M. (2003). Leadership at the top: The need for emotional intelligence in organizations. The International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 11(3), 193-210.

Elbaz, F. (1992). Hope, attentiveness, and caring for difference: The moral voice in teaching. Teaching and Teacher Education, 8(5-6), 421-432.

Emmer, E. T., & Stough, L. M. (2001). Classroom management: A critical part of educational psychology, with implications for teacher education. Educational Psychologist, 36(2), 103-112.

Epstein, S. (1998). Constructive thinking: The key to emotional intelligence, Westport, CT: Praeger

Eryılmaz, A. (2012). Investigating of psychometric properties the scale of setting life goals with respect to positive psychotherapy on university students. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 15, 166–174.

Eryılmaz, A. (2015). Development of the striving for goals scale. Usak University Journal of Social Sciences, 8(4), 233-244.

Eryılmaz, A., & Kara, A. (2016). Investigation of psychometric properties of career adaptability scale. The Online Journal of Counseling and Education 5(1), 29-39.

Eryilmaz, A., & Kara, A. (2017). Comparison of teachers and pre-service teachers with respect to personality traits and career adaptability. International Journal of Instruction, 10(1), 85-100.

Eryilmaz, A., & Kara, A. (2018). A career adaptability model for pre-service teachers. Erzincan University Journal of Education Faculty, 20(2), 352-365.

George, D., & Mallery, M. (2010). SPSS for windows step by step: A simple guide and reference, 17.0 update (10th Ed.). Boston: Pearson

George, J. M. (2000). Emotions and leadership: The role of emotional intelligence. Human Relations, 53(8), 1027–1055.

Golby, M. (1996). Teachers’ emotions: An illustrated discussion. Cambridge Journal of Education, 26(3), 423-434.

Greenhaus, J. H., Callanan, G. A., & Kaplan, E. (1995). The role of goal setting in career management. International Journal of Career Management, 7(5), 3-12.

Hargreaves, A. (2000). Mixed emotions: Teachers’ perceptions of their interactions with students. Teach. Teacher Educ. 16, 811-826.

Hayes, A. F. (2013). Introduction to mediation, moderation, and conditional process analysis: A regression-based approach. New York: Guilford Press

Hayes, A. F. (2015). An index and test of linear moderated mediation. Multivariate Behavioral Research50(1), 1-22.

Hu, L. T., & Bentler, P. M. (1999). Cutoff criteria for fit indexes in covariance structure analysis: Conventional criteria versus new alternatives. Structural Equation Modeling: A Multidisciplinary Journal6(1), 1-55.

Iordanoglou, D. (2007). The teacher as leader: The relationship between emotional intelligence and leadership effectiveness, commitment, and satisfaction. Journal of Leadership Studies, 1(3), 57-66.

Ito, J. K., & Brotheridge, C. M. (2005). Does supporting employees' career adaptability lead to commitment, turnover, or both?. Human Resource Management, 44(1), 5-19.

Kim, M. & Beehr, T. A. (2018). Empowering leadership: leading people to be present through affective organizational commitment?, The International Journal of Human Resource Management. Advanced Publication Online. doi:10.1080/09585192.2018.1424017

Kline, R. B. (2015). Principles and practice of structural equation modeling (4th Ed.). New York: Guilford Publications.

Koen, J., Klehe, U. C., & Van Vianen, A. E. (2012). Training career adaptability to facilitate a successful school-to-work transition. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81(3), 395-408.

Koen, J., Klehe, U. C., Van Vianen, A. E., Zikic, J., & Nauta, A. (2010). Job-search strategies and reemployment quality: The impact of career adaptability. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77(1), 126-139.

MacCann, C., Jiang, Y., Brown, L. E. R., Double, K. S., Bucich, M., & Minbashian, A. (2020). Emotional intelligence predicts academic performance: A meta-analysis. Psychological Bulletin, 146(2), 150–186.

Mandell, B., & Pherwani, S. (2003). Relationship between emotional intelligence and transformational leadership style: A gender comparison. Journal of Business and Psychology, 17(3), 387-404.

Mayer, J. D., & Cobb, C. D. (2000). Educational policy on emotional intelligence: Does it make sense?. Educational Psychology Review, 12(2), 163–183.

McLennan, B., McIlveen, P., & Perera, H. N. (2017). Pre-service teachers' self-efficacy mediates the relationship between career adaptability and career optimism. Teaching and Teacher Education, 63, 176-185.

Morehouse, M. M. (2007). An exploration of emotional intelligence across career arenas. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 28(4), 296-307.

Niles, S. G. (2011). Career flow: A hope‐centered model of career development. Journal of Employment Counseling, 48(4), 173-175.

Parmentier, M., Pirsoul, T., & Nils, F. (2019). Examining the impact of emotional intelligence on career adaptability: A two-wave cross-lagged study. Personality and Individual Differences151, 109446.

Petrides, K. V., & Furnham, A. (2001). Trait emotional intelligence: Psychometric investigation with reference to established trait taxonomies. European Journal of Personality, 15(6), 425-448.

Preacher, K. J., Rucker, D. D., & Hayes, A. F. (2007). Addressing moderated mediation hypotheses: Theory, methods, and prescriptions. Multivariate Behavioral Research42(1), 185-227.

Rahim, M., & Minors, P. (2003). Effects of emotional intelligence on concern for quality and problem solving. Managerial Auditing Journal, 18(2), 150-155.

Savickas, M. L. (1997). Career adaptability: An integrative construct for life‐span, life‐space theory. The Career Development Quarterly, 45(3), 247-259.

Singh, I., & Jha, A. (2012). Teacher effectiveness in relation to emotional intelligence among medical and engineering faculty members. Europe’s Journal of Psychology, 8(4), 667-685.

Sobel, M. E. (1982). Asymptotic confidence intervals for indirect effects in structural equation models. Sociological Methodology13, 290-312.

Sutton, R. E., & Wheatley, K. F. (2003). Teachers' emotions and teaching: A review of the literature and directions for future research. Educational Psychology Review, 15(4), 327-358.

Tickle, L. (1991). New teachers and the emotions of learning teaching. Cambridge Journal of Education, 21(3), 319–329.

Vesely, A. K., Saklofske, D. H., & Leschied, A. D. (2013). Teachers-The vital resource: The contribution of emotional intelligence to teacher efficacy and well-being. Canadian Journal of School Psychology, 28(1), 71-89.

Wong, C. S., Wong, P. M., & Peng, K. Z. (2010). Effect of middle-level leader and teacher emotional intelligence on school teachers’ job satisfaction: The case of Hong Kong. Educational Management Administration & Leadership, 38(1), 59-70.

 


Full Text: Full Text PDF

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.